Participants

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Editors

Seymour Drescher is Distinguished University Professor of History at the University of Pittsburgh. In addition to appointments at Harvard University and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, he was the inaugural Secretary of the European Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Among his works are: Econocide: British Slavery in the Era of Abolition (1977/2010), Capitalism and Antislavery: British Mobilization in Comparative Perspective (1986), From Slavery to Freedom: Comparative Studies in the Rise and Fall of Atlantic Slavery (1999), The Mighty Experiment: Free Labor versus Slavery in British Emancipation (2002, recipient of the GLC Frederick Douglass prize), and Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery (2009).

David Eltis is Professor Emeritus at Emory University, and has affiliated status at University of British Columbia, the Hutchins Institute, Harvard University. He is co-author of Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade (New Haven, 2010), author of The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas (Cambridge, 2000), and is co-compiler of www.slavevoyages.org and www.african-origins.org. He is also co-editor of Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database (New Haven, 2008) and volume three of the Cambridge World History of Slavery (Cambridge, 2011).

Stanley L. Engerman is John H. Munro Professor of Economics and Professor of History at the University of Rochester. His writings include Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery (with Robert W. Fogel), Slavery, Emancipation, and Freedom, and Economic Development in the Americas Since 1500 (with Kenneth Sokoloff).

David Richardson is former Director of WISE. He is Professor of Economic History in the Department of History, University of Hull and formerly Ford Foundation Senior Visiting Scholar at the W. E. B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research, Harvard University (1987-8), and Post-doctoral Associate of the Gilder-Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Abolition, Yale University (2004). He serves on the editorial board of Slavery and Abolition and on the Advisory Board of the NEH funded Electronic Slave Trade Database Project at Emory University, Atlanta.

Contributors

Gareth Austin is a professor of African and comparative economic history in the International History department of the Graduate Institute in Geneva. After teaching at a harambee school in Kenya, he did his BA at Cambridge and PhD at Birmingham. His past employers include the University of Ghana and the London School of Economics (Economic History department). He is a former editor of the Journal of African History, a former president of the European Network in Universal and Global History, and was a founder of the Journal of Global History. His publications include Labour, Land and Capital in Ghana: From Slavery to Free Labour in Asante, 1807-1956 (2005).

Kevin Bales is Professor of Contemporary Slavery at the Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation. He was Co-Founder of Free the Slaves, the US Sister organization of Anti-Slavery International. His book Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy (1999), was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, and has now been published in ten other languages. Among his publications are: Understanding Global Slavery (2005), The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today (2009), and Ending Slavery: How We Free Today's Slaves (2007), a roadmap for the global eradication of slavery that won the 2011 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Promoting World Order. He is lead author of the annual Global Slavery Index.

Alan Barenberg received his PhD in history from the University of Chicago in 2007. He is currently assistant professor in the Department of History at Texas Tech University. His first book, Gulag Town, Company Town: Forced Labor and Its Legacy in Vorkuta, was published by Yale University Press in 2014. He is also the author of articles on various aspects of the Gulag and its relationship to Soviet society.

Laird W. Bergad is Distinguished Professor of Latin American and Caribbean history in the Department of Latin American and Puerto Rican Studies at Lehman College and the Ph.D. Program in History at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He is the founding and current Director of CUNY's Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies at the Graduate Center. He has written extensively on slavery in Cuba and Brazil and comparative slavery in the Americas.

Alex Borucki is an assistant professor of History at UC Irvine. He is the author of Abolicionismo y tráfico de esclavos en Montevideo tras la fundación republicana (2009), and co-editor of Jacinto Ventura de Molina y los caminos de la escritura negra en el Río de la Plata (2008). He has published in the Hispanic American Historical Review, Colonial Latin American Review, Itinerario, Slavery and Abolition, and History in Africa. His current book manuscript, under contract with University of New Mexico Press, is entitled From Shipmates to Soldiers: Emerging Black Identities in the Río de la Plata, 1770-1850.

Gwynn Campbell is a Canada Research Chair in Indian Ocean World History and Director of McGill's Indian Ocean World Centre. A former collaborator on the sub-Saharan Africa team of the National Geographic and IBM's Genographic Project (2005-2010) that did research into early human origins and migrations, he is currently undertaking research into slavery, migration and diasporas in the Indian Ocean world, as well as investigating the foundations of the Indian Ocean world "global" economy. He has recently published David Griffiths and the Missionary "History of Madagascar," as part of Brill's Studies in Christian Mission series.

Celso Thomas Castilho is an Assistant Professor of History at Vanderbilt University, where he co-directs the Circum-Atlantic Studies Seminar. His book manuscript focuses on the intersection between abolitionism and transformations in political-belonging in nineteenth-century Brazil. Entitled "The Crucible of Brazilian Citizenship: Abolitionism and Public Politics in Pernambuco, 1866-1889," it is under review. He is now researching the history of Uncle Tom's Cabin performances in the Americas, analyzing theatrical adaptations of the novel in Brazil, Mexico, and the US.

Indrani Chatterjee has been teaching history for the last three decades across three continents, and is currently working in the University of Texas at Austin. Along with articles and chapters in books on slavery, she is the author of Gender, Slavery and Law in Colonial India (OUP 1999), editor of Unfamiliar Relations: Family and History of South Asia (Rutgers 2004), coeditor with Richard Eaton of Slavery and South Asian History (Indiana 2007). She has recently published Forgotten Friends: Monks, Marriages and Memories of Northeast India (OUP 2013) and is working on another project on property law and women's partnerships.

Peter A. Coclanis is Albert R. Newsome Distinguished Professor of History and Director of the Global Research Institute at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. He took his Ph.D. from Columbia in 1984 and joined the faculty at UNC-CH the same year. He works in U.S. Southeast Asian, and international economic and business history and has published widely in these fields.

Pamela Crossley is Charles and Elfriede Collis Professor of History and Professor of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies at Dartmouth College. She is a specialist on the Qing empire, and also researches and writes on Central and Inner Asian history, global history, and the history of horsemanship in Eurasia before the modern period. She is the author of six books and co-author of two leading textbooks on global history. Her work has been awarded the Joseph R. Levenson Prize of the Association for Asian Studies (for a book in any discipline addressing China before 1800), the Dartmouth Award for Outstanding Scholarly or Creative Achievement (now the Karen Wetterhahn Award) and a Guggenheim fellowship.

Pieter C. Emmer was professor in the history of the European expansion at the University of Leiden, the Netherlands. Among his publications in English: The Dutch in the Atlantic Economy, 1580-1880 (Aldershot, 1998) and The Dutch Slave Trade, 1500-1850 (New York/Oxford, 2006). He is one of the editors of the Encyclopedia of Migration and Minorities in Europe (Cambridge, 2011). With Seymour Drescher he edited Who Abolished Slavery? (New York/Oxford, 2010). With Jos Gommans he co-authored Rijk aan de rand van de wereld. De geschiedenis van Nederland oversee (Amsterdam, 2012). Since 2004 he is an ordinary member of the Academia Europaea (London, UK).

Michael Ferguson is a PhD candidate in the Department of History and Classics at McGill University, Montréal, currently working on a dissertation entitled "The African Presence in Izmir in the Late Ottoman Period and Beyond." Michael's research deals with questions of identity, marginalization, and minorities in the late Ottoman Empire and early republican Turkey with a particular focus on examining the fate of emancipated Africans and their descendants. He has published chapters and articles on the history of enslaved Africans in Izmir and Crete in the nineteenth-century; on the relationship between indebtedness and emancipation in the Ottoman Empire; and, more recently, has analyzed the role that race and the legacy of slavery play in contemporary Turkish politics.

David Geggus is Professor of History at the University of Florida. He has published six books, including Slavery, War and Revolution (Oxford, 1982), Haitian Revolutionary Studies (Bloomington, 2002), and more than a hundred academic articles. He teaches courses on Caribbean history and slavery in the Atlantic world. He has been awarded fellowships from the French Government, The British Academy, John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, National Humanities Center, Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars, Social Science Research Council, National Endowment for the Humanities, and the John Carter Brown Library.

B. W. Higman is Emeritus Professor of the Australian National University and Emeritus Professor of the University of the West Indies. He has published extensively on the history of slavery in the British colonies of the Caribbean. Among his works are Slave Population and Economy in Jamaica 1807-1834 (Cambridge, 1976, awarded the Bancroft Prize); Slave Populations of the British Caribbean 1807-1834 (Johns Hopkins, 1984); and most recently, Proslavery Priest: The Atlantic World of John Lindsay, 1729-1788 (University of the West Indies, 2012).

Rosemarijn Hoefte is head of Communication & Publications at KITLV/Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies in Leiden. She is the managing editor of the New West Indian Guide. Rosemarijn's main research interests include Surinamese history in the 19th and 20th centuries, unfree labor, and the Javanese diaspora. Rosemarijn Hoefte has published some 60 articles on the Caribbean and Latin America in scholarly books and journals, and the regular press. Place of Slavery: A Social History of British Indian and Javanese Laborers in Suriname, based on her dissertation, appeared in 1998. Her most recent monograph is Suriname in the Long Twentieth Century: Domination, Contestation, and Globalization (2014).

Jessica Millward is an assistant professor of History at UC Irvine. Her scholarly interests center on enslaved women in the Diaspora, gender and the law. Millward has published in the Women's History Review, the Journal of Women's History, the Journal of African American History, as well as The Feminist Wire. Her book on enslaved women, families and freedom in New National Maryland is forthcoming from the University of Georgia Press. She is also a founding member of the UCI Ghana Project, a cultural exchange program between dance and art majors at UC Irvine and the University of Ghana, Legon.

David Northrup, Professor Emeritus at Boston College, has written extensively on the slave trades and indentured labor, including Africa's Discovery of Europe, 1450-1850 (3rd ed., 2014), The Atlantic Slave Trade (3rd ed., 2011), and Indentured Labor in the Age of Imperialism, 1834-1922 (1995). Before earning his doctorate from UCLA in 1974, he taught in Nigeria and at Tuskegee Institute. He is past president of the World History Association.

Shane O'Rourke is a senior lecturer in the History Department in the University of York in England. He trained as a historian of Russian, specializing in the history of late Imperial Russia and the early Soviet period and has written extensively on the Cossacks. More recently, he became interested in the history of Brazil and has been learning Portuguese. At present he is engaged in a comparative work, looking at the ending of serfdom in Russia and slavery in Brazil. The focal point of this study is two royal women: Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna, the aunt of Alexander II, and Princess Isabel, heir to the Brazilian throne. The first outcome of this comparative project, "Monarchy, Gender and Emancipation: Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia and Princess Isabel of Brazil and the Ending of Servile Labour," was recently published in Slavery and Abolition.

Robert L. Paquette is co-founder of the Alexander Hamilton Institute for the Study of Western Civilization in Clinton, New York. He received his Ph. D. in history with honors in 1982 from the University of Rochester. His Sugar Is Made with Blood (1988) won the Elsa Goveia Prize, given by the Association of Caribbean Historians; his essay "Of Facts and Fables: New Light on the Denmark Vesey Affair" (co-authored with Douglas Egerton) won the Malcolm C. Clark Award, given by the South Carolina Historical Society. In 2014, he was awarded the Jeane Jordan Kirkpatrick Prize for Academic Freedom.

João José Reis received his PhD in History from the University of Minnesota in 1982. He is a Professor of History at the Universidade Federal da Bahia in Brazil since 1979, and has been a Visiting Professor at the universities of Michigan (Ann Arbor), Texas (Austin), Princeton, Brandeis, and Harvard, a research fellow at the University of London (London College), the National Humanities Center, and the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford. He is the author of several books, two of which have been published in English, Slave Rebellion in Brazil: The Muslim Uprising of 1835 in Bahia (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993), and Death is a Festival: Funeral Rites and Rebellion in Nineteenth-Century Brazil (North Carolina University Press, 2003). Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, an African Priest in Nineteenth-Century Brazil is forthcoming from Cambridge University Press.

Richard Roberts is the Frances and Charles Field Professor of History at Stanford University. He is the author of eleven books and volumes on the economic and social history of Africa. His research concentrates on French West Africa. His two most recent volumes are Trafficking in the Wake of Slavery with Benjamin Lawrance (Ohio, 2012) and Marriage by Force with Anne Bunting and Benjamin Lawrance (under review, Ohio).

Christopher Schmidt-Nowara is Professor of History and Prince of Asturias Chair in Spanish Culture & Civilization at Tufts University. He is the author of several works on Spanish, Latin American, and Caribbean history, including Slavery, Freedom, and Abolition in Latin America and the Atlantic World (2011). He has edited a special issue on "Caribbean Emancipations" for Social History (August 2011) and co-edited the book Slavery and Antislavery in Spain's Atlantic Empire (2013). He is presently working on slavery and freedom during Spain's War of Independence and the Spanish American Revolutions.

Pamela Scully is Professor of the Department of Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies and Professor of African Studies at Emory University. Her research interests focus on comparative women's and gender history, with an emphasis on slavery and emancipation, and more recently, on the relevance of history and feminist theory to ensuring women's rights in post-conflict societies. Her most recent book is Sara Baartman and the Hottentot Venus: a Ghost Story and a Biography, co-authored with Clifton Crais (Princeton, 2009, 2010, Rizzoli press forthcoming). She is the author of Liberating the Family? Gender and British Slave Emancipation in the Rural Western Cape, South Africa, 1823-1853 (Heinemann, 1997).

Alessandro Stanziani is Professor of Global History at the School of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS) and Research Director of The National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) in Paris. His main fields of interest are labor history, coerced labor (Inner Asia, Russia, Indian Ocean, 16th-20th centuries), and economic history. He is the author of Rules of Exchange: French Capitalism in Comparative Perspective, 18th -20th centuries (Cambridge University Press, 2012), Bâtisseurs d'Empires, Russie, Chine, Inde , (Liber, 2012), Bondage, Labor and Rights in Eurasia, 17th-20th centuries (Berghahm 2014), After Oriental Despotism. Warfare, Labour and Growth in Eurasia, 17th- 20th centuries (Bloomsbury, 2014), and Seamen, Immigrants and Convicts in the Indian Ocean, 18th-early 20th centuries (Palgrave Mac Millan, forthcoming)

James Brewer Stewart is the James Wallace Professor of History, Emeritus at Macalester College. He has published biographies of four leading abolitionists, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Joshua Giddings and Hosea Easton along with a history of the US abolitionist movement that has been translated into Japanese and Spanish and has gone through 31 printings, Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery (1997) He co-edits with Richard J.H. Blackett a book series with Louisiana University Press, "Abolition, Antislavery and the Atlantic World," has edited six volumes of original essays on slavery and antislavery, and is the founder of Historians Against Slavery, a network of scholars dedicated to combating slavery and human trafficking today.

Ehud R. Toledano is the Director of the Program in Ottoman & Turkish Studies at the Department of Middle Eastern and African History, Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel. Among the eleven books he wrote and edited, the following are noteworthy: The Ottoman Slave Trade and Its Suppression, 1840- 1890 (Princeton University Press, 1982); State and Society in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Egypt (Cambridge University Press, 1990); Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East, (University of Washington Press, 1998); As If Silent and Absent: Bonds of Enslavement in Islamic Middle East, (Yale University Press, 2007); and (ed.), African Communities in Asia and the Mediterranean: Identities between Integration and Conflict (World Press, 2011).

Kerry Ward is Associate Professor of History at Rice University. She received her PhD from the University of Michigan in 2002, and is author of Networks of Empire: Forced Migration and the Dutch East India Company (Cambridge University Press, 2008) as well as numerous essays on coerced migration in the Indian Ocean. She has held visiting appointments at Yale University and the University of Michigan.

Rudolph Ware is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Michigan. He is the author of The Walking Qur'an: Islamic Education, Embodied Knowledge, and History in West Africa (2014) and "Slavery in Islamic Africa" in The Cambridge History of Slavery, Volume III (2011).